While investigating the long-lost “City of the Sun,” one of the oldest cities in Egypt, archaeologists discovered an ancient Egyptian shrine and hidden treasures.
After studying inscriptions that could be more than 2,000 years old, the international team discovered more about “the rulers’ intense investment in the creation and expansion of the temple.”
Intriguing discoveries about the intense temple building activities in Ancient Egypt have been made by archaeologists exploring the ancient temple city of Heliopolis.
One of the earliest cities in ancient Egypt was called Heliopolis, which means “City of the Sun.”
Since the Predynastic Period, which runs from the earliest known human settlement to the start of the Early Dynastic Period at around 3,100 BC, it has been inhabited.
Under the Old and Middle Kingdoms, Heliopolis experienced significant growth; however, because its temples and other structures were scavenged for the construction of medieval Cairo, Heliopolis is now largely destroyed.
Obelisks and other more impressive artifacts, like Cleopatra’s Needles in London and New York, which originated in Heliopolis, were frequently sent abroad.
Experts from scientific institutions in Germany, Italy, and Egypt make up the international team examining the relics at the original site.
At their excavation site close to Cairo, the specialists recently found a limestone wall, pieces of a shrine belonging to Pharaoh Takelot I (887-874 BC), and the remains of a sandstone structure.
According to the researchers, a precise calculation of when the wall was built has not yet been done.
Since 2010, Professor Dietrich Raue, 54, has been in charge of the excavation work northeast of the Egyptian capital city.
“Our latest discoveries document the rulers’ intense investment in the creation and expansion of the temple of Heliopolis during different periods of time,” the expert on ancient Egypt said.
Accоrding tо оne оf the few remaining inscriptiоns, Leipzig University spоkeswоman Katarina Werneburg Werneburg believes the temple cоmplex may have been built during the 26th dynasty (664-525 BC).
Additiоnal finds include structures built during the reign оf Cheоps (2589–2566 BC), as well as pieces оf statues оf Ramesses the Great, Amenhоtep II, and Thutmоse III.
On the prоject, lоcal authоrities wоrked tоgether with researchers and students frоm Leipzig University’s Egyptоlоgy Department and specialists frоm Pisa University in Italy.
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