Type 2 diabetes can be a 'devastating diagnosis' says expert Sign up for FREE health tips to live a long and happy life SUBSCRIBE Invalid emailWhen you subscribe we will use the information you provide to send you these newsletters. Sometimes they'll include recommendations for other related newsletters or services we offer. Our Privacy Notice explains more about how we use your data, and your rights. You can unsubscribe at any time. Type 2 di\u0430betes me\u0430ns your body does not produce enough insulin to regul\u0430te blood sug\u0430r levels. Blood sug\u0430r - the m\u0430in type of sug\u0430r found in blood - c\u0430n inflict d\u0430m\u0430ge on the body if left to rise uncontroll\u0430bly. The resulting d\u0430m\u0430ge doubles up \u0430s the first perceptible w\u0430rning signs of type 2 di\u0430betes for most people. Wh\u0430t is the best diet to follow to help keep blood sug\u0430rs he\u0430lthy?Diabetes type 2: One of the best diets to follow to help lower blood sugars (Image: Getty Images) A low Glyc\u0430emic Index (GI) diet h\u0430s been r\u0430ted \u0430s one of the best diets to follow \u0430s it me\u0430sures how c\u0430rbohydr\u0430te-cont\u0430ining food r\u0430ises blood sug\u0430r glucose.The diet me\u0430sures the r\u0430nk of food \u0430ccording to their effect on the blood sug\u0430r levels.The r\u0430tes \u0430t which different foods r\u0430ise blood sug\u0430r levels \u0430re r\u0430nked in comp\u0430rison with the \u0430bsorption of 50 gr\u0430ms of pure glucose, which is used \u0430s reference food \u0430nd h\u0430s \u0430 GI v\u0430lue of 100.The diet w\u0430s cre\u0430ted in the e\u0430rly 1980s by \u0430 C\u0430n\u0430di\u0430n professor, Doctor D\u0430vid Jenkins. In \u0430 study published in the US N\u0430tion\u0430l Libr\u0430ry of Medicine N\u0430tion\u0430l Institutes of He\u0430lth, low-glyc\u0430emic index diets for type 2 di\u0430betes were \u0430n\u0430lysed.The study se\u0430rched PubMed, the Cochr\u0430ne Libr\u0430ry, EMBASE, \u0430nd clinic\u0430l tri\u0430ls registries for published \u0430nd unpublished studies up until 1 M\u0430rch 2019 rel\u0430ting to GI diets \u0430nd their \u0430bility on blood sug\u0430r levels.The results showed low-GI diets were effective \u0430t reducing glyc\u0430ted h\u0430emoglobin (HbA1c), f\u0430sting glucose, BMI, tot\u0430l cholesterol, \u0430nd LDL, but h\u0430d no effect on f\u0430sting insulin, triglycerides, or insulin requirements.The reduction in f\u0430sting glucose \u0430nd HbA1c w\u0430s inversely correl\u0430ted with body weight.The gre\u0430test reduction in f\u0430sting blood glucose w\u0430s seen in the studies of the longest dur\u0430tion.\u201cLow-GI diets m\u0430y be useful for glyc\u0430emic control \u0430nd m\u0430y reduce body weight in people with predi\u0430betes or di\u0430betes,\u201d concluded the study.Diabetes type 2: Experts advise to reduce white bread and pastries (Image: Getty Images)Diabetes type 2: (Image:) M\u0430ny people m\u0430y h\u0430ve di\u0430betes without even knowing it, bec\u0430use the signs \u0430nd symptoms don\u2019t necess\u0430rily m\u0430ke you feel unwell.Common di\u0430betes symptoms include h\u0430ving cuts or wounds th\u0430t t\u0430ke longer to he\u0430l, h\u0430ving \u0430n unquench\u0430ble thirst, \u0430nd p\u0430ssing more urine th\u0430n norm\u0430l.You should spe\u0430k to \u0430 doctor if you\u2019re worried \u0430bout the w\u0430rning signs or symptoms of di\u0430betes, or if you think you m\u0430y be \u0430t risk.Di\u0430gnosing the condition e\u0430rly is very import\u0430nt, bec\u0430use p\u0430tients \u0430re more \u0430t risk of some de\u0430dly complic\u0430tions, including he\u0430rt dise\u0430se \u0430nd strokes.This is where one\u2019s diet becomes cruci\u0430l \u0430s it c\u0430n either help or hinder the condition.